By Nicole Caporino, Ph.D.
A Doctoral Dissertation Defended 2011
Family accommodation of symptoms conflicts with the primary goals of cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and can be an obstacle to positive outcomes. This study examined a structural equation model of parent and child variables related to family accommodation using a sample of 65 parentchild dyads recruited from a university-based clinic. Additionally, parents‘ motivations for engaging in accommodation were explored. Results generally supported the hypothesized model. Family accommodation mediated the relationship between OCD symptom severity and parent-rated functional impairment, child internalizing problems mediated the relationship between parent anxiety and family accommodation, and parent empathy and consideration of future consequences interacted to predict accommodation. Child externalizing problems significantly influenced family accommodation but neither of these two variables was affected by parent depression. Excessive reassurance seeking and cleaning/washing compulsions were relatively likely to be accommodated. Implications for clinical practice and directions for future research are discussed.