Counterproductive Work Behavior Checklist (CWB-C)

The two versions (full 45-item and short 32-item) of the Counterproductive Work Behavior Checklist (CWB-C) assess counterproductive work behavior (e.g., aggression, sabotage, theft, and withdrawal). It asks respondents to indicate how often they have done each behavior at work, and it can be used to indicate the behavior of others, such as coworkers or subordinates. Details of the scale and its development are in Spector, P. E., Fox, S., Penney, L. M., Bruursema, K., Goh, A., & Kessler, S. (2006). The dimensionality of counterproductivity: Are all counterproductive behaviors created equal? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68, 446-460.

The 10-item form has half organization-focused and half person-focused items, but we have only used it as a total score. It can be cited as Spector, P. E., Bauer, J. A., & Fox, S. (2010). Measurement artifacts in the assessment of counterproductive work behavior and organizational citizenship behavior: Do we know what we think we know? Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(4), 781-790. doi:

NOTICE: The Abuse subscale has been modified by deleting Item 4 (Told people outside the job what a lousy place you work for), leaving the short form with 32 rather than 33 items.

CWB-C Overview

CWB-C Bibliography

Sharing CWB-C results

CWB-C 45-item English version.

CWB-C 32-item Short English version that contains the 5 subscales of abuse, production deviance, sabotage, theft, and withdrawal.

CWB-C 10-item English version.

CWB-C 32-item German Version Shows English and German items.

CWB-C 45-item. Hebrew version translated by Saul Fine and Michal Edward.


Note: The CWB-C can be used free of charge for noncommercial educational and research purposes in return for sharing results (See Sharing CWB-C results page). The CWB-C is copyright © 2002, Paul E Spector and Suzy Fox, All rights reserved.

Page last modified April 27, 2014.