5. ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR SELECTION AND PLACEMENT

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST

 

CHARACTERISTICS

 

Group vs. individual

 

Objective vs. open-ended

 

Paper and pencil vs. performance

 

Power vs. speed

 

Test Types

 

Ability Tests

 

Cognitive ability

 

Psychomotor ability

 

Knowledge and skill or achievement

 

Personality

 

Emotional Intelligence: Trait vs. Information Processing

 

Integrity: overt vs. personality

 

Vocational interest


Personality Testing Issues

 

Big Five

 

Faking by job applicant

 

Faking not a source of invalidity (Schmitt et al. 1995, Journal of Applied Psychology)

 

Used worldwide (Salgado, 1997, Journal of Applied Psychology) in Europe


BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

 

Biographical inventory or BIB

 

Detailed information about a personís background

 

Empirical vs. rational

 

Predictive of job performance


INTERVIEWS

 

Used in almost every hiring situation

 

Most acceptable to college students in US and France (Steiner &

Gilliland, 1996, Journal of Applied Psychology)

 

Relates to cognitive ability (Huffcutt et al., 1996, Journal of Applied Psychology)

 

Structured vs. unstructured

 

Structured much more valid in predicting performance


WORK SAMPLES

 

Simulation of actual job tasks

 

Good predictors of future job performance

 

Acceptability by applicants because of obvious job relevance

 

High face validity


ASSESSMENT CENTERS

 

Simulation of management and other white collar jobs

 

44% of British employers who hire college students use (Keenan, 1995, Journal of Organizational Behavior)

 

In US used mainly for promotion and selection of managers

 

Can alse be used for employee development

 

Overall scores valid predictors of performance

 

Dimension scores not valid

 

Assesses how person fits role (Russell & Domm, 1995, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology)


ELECTRONIC ASSESSMENT

 

Electronic administration of psychological test

 

Web-based assessment

 

Can administer customized test

 

Makes scoring easier and quicker

 

Tailored testing

 

Trend or wave of the future?

 

Copyright Paul E. Spector, All rights reserved, July 22, 2002.