Practice Exam: Chapter 6, Selecting Employees: Answers

Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Research and Practice 3rd ed.

Before you check your answers, you should take the exam on a piece of paper. Keep in mind that there can be several ways to phrase an answer, so if you aren't sure if your answer is correct, ask your instructor.

1. What is the first step in acquiring new employees?

Human resource planning. p. 134.

2. What is the best source from which to recruit employees?

Inside sources according to Zottoli and Wanous (2000). p. 136.

3. What are the five steps in conducting a validation study?

1. Job analysis; 2. Specify criteria; 3. Choose predictors; 4. Validate predictors; 5. Cross-validate. p. 140.

4. What is the difference between a concurrent and predictive validation study?

In a concurrent study, predictor and criterion data are collected at the same time, whereas in a predictive study the criterion is assessed later in time than the predictor. p. 142.

5. The idea that a test valid in one organization will be valid in others is called?

Validity generalization. p. 143.

6. A program in which job applicants are given accurate information about what to expect is a job is called a...

Realistic job preview. p. 149.

7. What is utility analysis?

A quantitative procedure that indicates the payoff or value in adopting a selection procedure (or anything really). p. 149.

8. What is the optimal baserate that gives the maximum utility?

50%. p. 150.

9. The U.S. government guidelines for how legal selection should be done is called…

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures. p. 156.

10. Who must by law have an affirmative action program?

Organizations with more than 50 employees or government contracts exceeding $50,000. p. 158.

Copyright Paul E. Spector, All rights reserved, Last modified July 23, 2002.