Practice Exam: Chapter 1, Introduction: Answers

Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Research and Practice 3rd ed.

Before you check your answers, you should take the exam on a piece of paper. Keep in mind that there can be several ways to phrase an answer, so if you aren't sure if your answer is correct, ask your instructor.

1. What are the two major settings in which we find I/O psychologists?

Practice vs. research (applied vs. academic would also be correct). p. 5

2. Who are the five historical figures noted as the founders of the I/O field?

Hugo Münsterberg, Walter Dill Scott, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Robert Yerkes, Lillian Gilbreth (you might mention Frank Gilbreth, but Lillian was the psychologist and contributed more to I/O). pp. 7-9

3. Which two people are credited with receiving the first I/O Ph.D.?

Lillian Gilbreth, Bruce V. Moore (historians disagree). p. 9

4. What is the major focus of I/O psychology in Scandinavia?

Health and well-being of employees (you can also say job stress). p. 11-12

5. What do you need to be considered a full-fledged I/O psychologist in the U.S.?

A Ph.D. (an M.A. in the U.S. makes you an M.A.-level psychologist). p. 13

6. In the U.S., the major association of I/O psychologists is called?

Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, SIOP. p. 19

7. What are the four current trends affecting I/O psychology today? /P>

Technology, internationalization, skilled labor shortages, occupational health psychology. pp 23-25

8. In which setting do you find the largest percentage of I/O psychologists?

Universities. p. 6

9. What are the two major means of disseminating I/O research results?

Conferences and research journals. pp. 19-20

10. What is Occupational Health Psychology?

The branch of psychology concerned with employee health, safety, and well-being. p. 25

Copyright Paul E. Spector, All rights reserved, Last modified July 22, 2002.