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Dr. Marty Gould, Assistant Professor of English

Studies in Victorian Literature: Literature of/and Empire



Required Texts
Jules Verne, Around the World in 80 Days (Oxford, 2008) 9780199552511

Mary Seacole, The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole (Penguin, 2006) 9780140439021

Flora Annie Steel, On the Face of the Waters (Dodo, 2009) 9781409981770

Rudyard Kipling, Kim (Penguin, 1987)

George Bernard Shaw, Captain Brassbound's Conversion (Aeterna)

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (Oxford, 1999):

Arthur Conan Doyle, The Sign of Four (Broadview, 2010)

Bram Stoker, Dracula (Penguon, 2003)

H. Rider Haggard, She (Broadview, 2006)

Ronald Hyam, Britain's Imperial Century (Palgrave, 2002)

Course Description

In the nineteenth century, Britain expanded and consolidated its hold on overseas territories, becoming the world's preeminent superpower. As a result, Britain was integrally tied to foreign cultures and economies. The nation's very identity came to be defined in terms of its imperial activities. As the people of Britain grappled with the implications of their nation's global expansion project, the empire served as a pressing topic for political commentators, visual artists, and popular writers. This course will introduce students to nineteenth-century literary representations of empire, as we try to answer a number of questions about the connections between imperialism and Victorian popular culture: How were the people and places of empire represented to the British public? What were the chief attractions and anxieties associated with imperial commitments? How does literature help construct political and ideological realities?

Prospective students are cautioned that this course course boasts a particularly heavy reading load, even for a graduate-level course. The reading will average 300-400 pages per week, and will include scholarly essays, theoretical texts, and literary works. In addition, there will be a number of written assignments and a major research project. At the end of the semester, you'll know a lot about the empire and its literary representations, but you'll also be very tired.

Information coming soon.


Week One:
Empire: An Overview
Lecture The First and Second British Empires
(A Nineteenth-Century Timeline)
Texts Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden"
"MacDermott's War Song" (Text and Sound File)
Reginald Heber,"From Greenland's Icy Mountains" (Text and Sound File)
William Greg, "Shall We Retain Our Colonies?"
Week Two:
Traveler's Tales
Lecture From Cairo to the Cape: The Scramble for Africa
(The Scramble for Africa)
Texts Selections from Richard Burton, Wanderings in West Africa (1861)
(Sir Richard F. Burton on the Web)
Selections from Mary Kinglsey, Travels in West Africa (1897)
(Mary Kingsley at the Royal African Society)
Selections from Charles Darwin, The Voyage of the Beagle (1839)
(The Complete Works of Charles Darwin)
Selections from Robert Louis Stevenson, In the South Seas (1889)
(The Robert L. Stevenson Website)
Selections from Anna Leonowens, The English Governess at the Siamese Court (1870)
(Anna Leonowens--Fact or Fiction?)
(Anna Leonowens at Women's History)
Selections from Frederick Marryat, The Mission; or, Scenes in Africa (1845)
Report Annie Coombs, "The Spectacle of Empire"
Week Three:
Lecture Uniting the Empire: Canals, Wires, and Rails
Texts Jules Verne, Around the World in Eighty Days (1873)
Selections from Francis Galton, The Art of Travel (1872)
Selections from Favell Lee Mortimer, The Clumsiest People in Europe (1849-54)
Selections from William Makepeace Thackeray, From Cornhill to Cairo (1845)
Report Mary Louise Pratt, "Narrating the Anti-Conquest"

Week Four:
War and Domesticity

Lecture Crisis in the Crimea
(The Crimean War Research Society)
(Mary Seacole)
Texts Mary Seacole, Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole (1857)
Harriet Martineau, "On the Death of Florence Nightingale" (1910)
Lytton Strachey, "Florence Nightingale," from Eminent Victorians (1918)
Anthony Trollope, from The West Indies and the Spanish Main (1859)
(Bibliography and commentaries on Trollope's work)
Report Ann Laura Stoler, "Cultivating Bourgeois Bodies and Racial Selves"
Week Two:

The Drama of Empire
Lectures Australia: From Gaol to Gold
In the Footsteps of Crusoe: The Victorian Theatrical Robinsonade
Texts Charles Reade, It Is Never Too Late to Mend (1865)
J.M. Barrie, The Admirable Crichton (1902)
(J.M. Barrie Site with pictures, video, and audio records of Barrie)
Week Five:
Lecture Nabobs and Bungalows: Anglo-Indian Life
(Hobson-Jobson, the Anglo-Indian Dictionary)
Texts Tom Taylor, Up at the Hills (1860)
Flora Annie Steel, from The Complete Indian Housekeeper (1888)
Rudyard Kipling, "Rikki Tikki Tavi," "Without Benefit of Clergy,"
Week Six:
The Indian "Mutiny"
Lecture India in 1857-8
(The British Press and the Indian Mutiny)

(Description of Events of 1857)
(Parallel Presentation of Indian and British views of the "Mutiny")
Texts Flora Annie Steel, On the Face of the Waters
Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Minute on Indian Education" (1835)
Karl Marx, "The Indian Revolt" (1857)
Reports Nancy Paxton, "Mobilizing Chivalry"
Claudia Klaver, "Domesticity under Siege"
Week Seven:
The Indian "Mutiny"
Texts Dion Boucicault, Jessie Brown (1857)
("Leaves from a Dramatist's Diary," 1889)
("Jessie's Dream a Lucknow": a Broadside Ballad)
("Bagpipes in War")
Christina Rossetti, "The Round Tower at Jhansi"
Alfred Comyn Lyall, "Rajpoot Rebels"
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "The Defense of Lucknow"
Reports Nancy Paxton, "Mobilizing Chivalry"
Claudia Klaver, "Domesticity under Siege"
Week Eight:
The Great Game
Lecture The Jewel in the Crown
(The Rudyard Kipling Society)
Text Rudyard Kipling, Kim (1901)
(Information on 1950 Film Adaptation of Kim)
Report Thomas Richards, "Archive and Utopia"
Week Nine:
Briton and/as Other
Texts Rudyard Kipling, Kim (Continued)
George Bernard Shaw, Captain Brassbound's Conversion (1899)
(Shaw Society)
Charles Dickens, "The Noble Savage"
Report Parama Roy, "Oriental Exhibits"
Week Ten:
Spring Break
No Class Meeting
Week Eleven:
At the Heart of the Empire
Text Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868)
Report Yumna Siddiqi, "The Cesspool of Empire"
Week Twelve:
Crimes of Empire
Texts Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (continued)
Arthur Conan Doyle, The Sign of the Four (1890)
Report Yumna Siddiqi, "The Cesspool of Empire"
Week Thirteen:
The Empire Strikes Back
Lecture Metropolitan Spectacles of Empire
("Imperial Views, Colonial Subjects: Victorian Periodicals and the Empire")
Texts Bram Stoker, Dracula (1897)
T.N. Mukherjee, from Observations on the Indian and Colonial Exhibition (1889)
Joseph Salter, from The East in the West (1895)
Reports Antoinette Burton, "Making a Spectacle of Empire"
Ruth Lindeborg, "The 'Asiatic' and the Boundaries of Englishness"
Week Fourteen:
Imperial Anxieties
Lecture From She to Dracula: Late-VictorianAnxieties of Reverse-Colonization
Text Bram Stoker, Dracula (Continued)
Report Stephen Arata, "The Occidental Tourist: Stoker and Reverse-Colonization"
Week Fifteen:
Imperial Adventure
Text H. Rider Haggard, She (1887)
(Film Adaptations of Haggard's Novels at IMDB)
Report Graham Dawson, "The Adventure Quest and Its Cultural Imaginaries"
Week Sixteen:
Home and Away
Lectures Australia: From Gaol to Gold
In the Footsteps of Crusoe: The Victorian Theatrical Robinsonade
Lecture From the Pulpit to the Music-Hall: The Empire in Poetry and Song
(Poetry of the Crimean and Boer Wars)
Texts Thomas Hood, "I'm Going to Bombay"
Richard Cheviniux Trench, "Lines Written on the First Tidings of the Cabul Masacres"
John Shehan, "The Campaign of the Sutlej"
Eliza Cook, "The Englishman"
Punch, "The Jingo-Englishman"
Thomas Hardy, "War Poems"
Charles Kingsley, "The Mango Tree"
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Epilogue to the Queen"
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Opening of the Indian and Colonial Exhibition by the Queen"
William Rossetti, "Emigration"
Douglas Sladen, "Mrs. Watson. A Queensland Hero"
Alfred Austin, "Henry Barlte Edward Frere. Born 1815. Died 1884"
Oscar Wilde, "Ave Imperatrix"
Rudyard Kipling, "The Widow at Windsor"
Rudyard Kipling, "A Song of the English"
Rudyard Kipling, "Recessional"
Lewis Morris, "The Imperial Institute. An Ode"
Reports Penny Summerfield, "Patriotism and Empire"
Steve Attridge, "Popular Poetry and the Boer War"