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Current Program: Ph.D. in Biology

M.A. in Biology, Boston University Marine Program, 2006
B.Sc. in Microbiology and Immunology, McGill University, 2001

Research Interests

I am interested in the sensory biology and behavior of fishes, particularly elasmobranchs. My dissertation research focuses on the integration of information from multiple senses for the identification and tracking of odorous wakes and precise localization and capture of prey during feeding behaviors. I am presenting sharks with combinations of coincident and spatially separate sources of olfactory, lateral line, visual and electrical stimuli. This allows me to determine which sense or combination of senses provides the most important information for the localization of prey in the near field. I am also challending sharks to locate and capture live prey after one or more senses have been blocked. This allows me to examine the effects of sensory deprivation on the kinematics of prey capture.

I am comparing the use of the different sensory modalities (olfaction, mechanoreception, vision, and electroreception) by shark species from different environments and with different prey capture strategies (suction, ram, biting). I am working with the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, the bonnethead shark, Sphyrna tiburo, the smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis, and the blacktip shark, Carcharinus limbatus. My research is conducted at the Center for Shark Research at Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, FL and at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA.

Other projects:

Research Experience (click here for Jayne's CV)

University of South Florida
/ Mote Marine Laboratory, Tampa / Sarasota, FL - Multisensory integration in shark feeding behaviors

Boston University Marine Program / Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA - Multisensory guidance in the smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis: roles of olfaction, lateral line, and vision in odor source localization

McGill University Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory, Montreal, QC - Honors Thesis: "Comparison of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccines in a human macrophage cell line"

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Potato Research Centre Insect Ecology Laboratory, Fredericton, NB - Behavior and ecology of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata


Awards and Honors
  • 2006 - 2011: University of South Florida Presidential Doctoral Fellowship
  • 2009: Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Student Travel Award
  • 2008: Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Student Travel Award
  • 2007: Stoye Award - Best student oral presentation, ASIH Joint Meeting
  • 2006: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Student Travel Award
  • 2006: Association for Chemoreception Sciences Student Travel Award
  • 2001: Graduation with First Class Honours, McGill University
  • 1998 - 2000: Principal's Student-Athlete Academic Honour Roll, McGill University
  • 1997 - 2000: James McGill Scholarship, McGill University
Grants and Funding Received
  • 2007: Lerner-Gray Grant For Marine Research, American Museum of Natural History ($1500)
  • 2007: Donald R. Nelson Behavior Research Award, AES ($1000)
  • 2007: Raney Fund Award, ASIH ($1000)
Published Papers and Abstracts
  • Gardiner, J.M. and Atema, J. (2010) The function of bilateral odor arrival time differences in olfactory orientation of sharks Current Biology 20: 1187 - 1991. pdf

  • Motta, P.J., Maslanka, M., Hueter, R.E., Davis, D.L., De la Parra, R., Mulvany, S.L., Habegger, M.L., Strother, J.A., Mara, K.R., Gardiner, J.M., Tyminski, J.P., and Ziegler, L.D. (In Press) Feeding anatomy, filter-feeding rate, and diet of whale sharks Rhincodon typus off the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Zoology
  • Gardiner, J.M. and Motta, P.J. (In Review) Blind bass suck: Micropterus salmoides switch feeding modes in response to sensory deprivation

  • Gardiner, J.M., Atema, J., Hueter, R.E., and Motta, P.J. (2009) Internarial timing differences steer sharks. Integrative and Comparative Biology 49: E60.

  • Gardiner, J.M. and Motta, P.J. (2007) Blind bass suck: effects of sensory deprivation on feeding kinematics in Micropterus salmoides. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology 47 (1): 60.1

  • Gardiner, J.M. and Atema, J. (2007) Sharks need the lateral line to locate odor sources: eddy chemotaxis. Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 1925-1934 . pdf

  • Gardiner, J.M. and Atema, J.  (2006)  Olfaction, mechanoreception, and vision are used in the location of a turbulent odor source by a benthic shark.  Chemical Senses 31(5): A6-A6. 

  • Gardiner, J.M., Dale, D.V., Patell, S. and Atema, J. (2006) Steering sharks with odor plume information. Eos Trans. AGU 87(36) Ocean Sciences Meeting Supplement, Abstract OS24I-06
Societies and Professional Organizations
  • American Elasmobranch Society
  • American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
  • Association for Chemoreception Sciences
  • Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology
Pictures of Field and Laboratory Work

Filming whale shark feeding behavior off Holbox, Mexico
Shark dissection with the Riverside Consolidated School's grade 4/5 class, Riverside-Albert, NB

Tagging juvenile bull sharks with the Mote Marine Laboratory's Center for Shark Research
Assisting with nurse shark suction feeding recordings at the Mote Marine Laboratory
Shark collecting on the Marine Biological Laboratory's RV Gemma
Observing smooth dogfish odor tracking behavior under IR light at the Marine Biological Laboratory